Forest fire protection management
Methodological recommendation, mathematical models and algorithm development in sphere of organization of forest fire protection
The method of forest fund territory distribution by forest fire protection zones
The objective of forest fund territory zoning according to fire extinguishing means and forces ways of application is the division of the territory by the protection zones that means a certain combinations of monitoring and application of their forces and means during forest fire extinguishing implemented by forest fire units. Since one of the main component parts of monitoring is the forest fire detection, the division of the forest fund territory into protection zones means its zoning with a certain combination of forces and means during forest fire detection and forces and means way of application during forest fires extinguishing. Practical importance of this method is that it is one of the optimization basis of subsidies and subventions rates allocated for forest fire protection.
Method of forest fire protection level determination
Determination of the protection level (low, medium, high) involves ranking of the forest fund territory based on the intensification of forest fire protection and is carried out with use of the following indicators: actual fire danger of forests, ecological value of forests, economic value of forests, natural fire hazard, availability of technology-related risk facilities, presence of settlements, territory contamination with radionuclides. With each protection level, the values of standard indications are associated, reflecting the finite results of fire fighters works such as fire square at the moment of detection, time of fire spreading from detection to the beginning of extinguishing, time for fire suppression and etc. Practical importance of this method is that it is one of the optimization basis for subsidies and subventions rates allocated for forest fire protection.
Method of optimal variant of forest fire services functioning determination
Variant of forest fire fighters functioning means the set of operated parameters, determining the results of their work. These include: types of process schemes, organization of forest fire services work, periodicity of the protected territory inspection, timetable of its monitoring, types and number of technical means used for monitoring of the territory under protection and forest fire extinguishing, number forest fire units, their location on the protected territory and etc.
For each set of operated parameters, the value of costs related to its implementation and possible damage from forest fires is projected. Minimum value of costs and loss is used as the criterion of optimality. Practical importance of this method is that it is one of the optimization basis for subsidies and subventions rates allocated for forest fire protection.
Method of norms related to forest fire protection determination
The norms are established with consideration for process charts of corresponding antifire measures implementation.
Methodological recommendations on making the forests firefighting management plans
Structure of the forests firefighting management plans, content of the plan sections and algorithms of the corresponding figures calculation are being developed on basis of normative-legal documents.
Method of natural forest fire hazard assessment
Improvement of scientific-methodological provision of natural forest fire hazard assessment. The developed methodological recommendations permit to increase accuracy of natural forest fire hazard assessment on the regional level.
Construction method of regional scales of fire hazard assessment based according to weather conditions
Improvement of scientific-methodological provision of fire hazard assessment according to weather conditions. The developed methodological recommendations permit to increase the accuracy of fire hazard assessment according to weather conditions.
Mathematical models and algorithms development for management decision support system during forest fire protection
Algorithms of the territory zoning according to ways of monitoring and extinguishing forces being applied, algorithms of the protection level determination. Modeling of the forest fire development. Mathematical algorithm development for determination of the optimal number of video cameras for effective functioning of the video monitoring system and their optimal placement on the existing towers. Modeling of conditions and the processes of firefighting services operation. Costs calculation algorithms of firefighting services operation and damages being inflicted by forest fires.
Creation of databases including vector maps
Creation of the maps vector layers
Creation of the maps vector layers of forestries boundaries, district forestries, blocks, stratum, administration districts, towns, settlements, facilities of firefighting purpose allocation, territory division per areas of forest fire protection, etc., including digitization off paper media.
Creation of databases
Database architecture design, database creation including information on fires, firefighting management facilities, forest fire resources, weather information, forest management materials including database filling out on the basis of hard copies, etc.
Databases analysis and processing
Calculation of different indicators on the basis of databases analysis, construction of statistical characteristics.
Development of information-analytical system of forest fire management planning automation
The analytical information system is intended for forest fire management planning automation. It provides automatic formation of textual and graphical materials necessary for such planning, creating draft version of the required document at output.
Software development based on the monitoring of operation of the regional dispatcher forestry service
Software allows to arrange effective work of the regional dispatcher service and dispatcher forestry services.
At the same time the following functions are implemented:
- duty table performance on the regional level and forestry level;
- dispatchers work time logging;
- monitoring of the dispatcher attendance at work;
- prompt delivery of text messages to all workers connected to a system (for example, by regional dispatcher service and dispatcher forestry services).
Development of information-analytical system of forestries (recreational forests) fire extinguishing planning automation
The information-analytical system is intended for forestries (recreational forests) fire extinguishing planning automation. It provides automatic formation of textual and graphical materials necessary for such planning, creating draft version of the required document at output.
Creation of a regional system for management decision support during forest fire protection
The original geoinformation system includes the application for devices with GPS/GLONASS with OS Android.
The system helps to make management decisions during forest fire protection on the regional level, as well as on the forestry level.
The system main functions are:
- prompt registration of forest fires;
- calculation of costs for extinguishing and damages inflicted by forest fires;
- fire hazard assessment based on weather and forest growth conditions;
- consideration of facilities, activities and resources of firefighting purposes;
- integration with different subsystems, for example, with a system of video monitoring allowing to receive information about fires from video cameras.
- use of mobile devices provided with GPS/GLONASS for information transmission and clarification;
- summary of economic characteristics;
- cartographical support (vector layers of maps, all the available information printing on the electronic map).
Software development based on the databases statistical analysis
Software allows to construct statistical distributions for different indicators, for example: the projected number of fires per day, areal fire distribution, time of fires occurence within a day, etc.
Development of different software to calculate different converters under the above listed methods and others.